FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICS DAVID HALLIDAY, ROBERT RESNICK, JEARL WALKER

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Title: Fundamentals of Physics Extended
Author(s): David Halliday, Robert Resnick, Jearl Walker
Publisher: Wiley
Year: 2013
ISBN: 9781118230725

The 10th edition of Halliday’s Fundamentals of Physics building upon previous issues by offering several new features and additions. Examples include a new print component will revised to conform to the Version 5 design chapter sections organized and numbered to match the Concept Modules Learning Objectives have been added illustrations changed to reflect (and advertise) multimedia versions available in WileyPLUS and new problems provide a means of assigning the multimedia assets.
The new edition offers most accurate, extensive and varied set of assessment questions of any course management program in addition to all questions including some form of question assistance – including answer specific feedback – to facilitate success. The text also offers multimedia presentations (videos and animations) of much of the material that provide an alternative pathway through the material for those who struggle with reading scientific exposition. Furthermore, the book includes math review content in both a self-study module for more in-depth review and also in just-in-time math videos for a quick refresher on a specific topic.

Table of contents :
Cover……Page 1
Title Page……Page 5
Copyright ……Page 6
PREFACE……Page 19
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS……Page 25
Contents……Page 8
1-1 MEASURING THINGS, INCLUDING LENGTHS……Page 27
1-2 TIME……Page 31
1-3 MASS……Page 32
PROBLEMS……Page 34
2-1 POSITION, DISPLACEMENT, AND AVERAGE VELOCITY……Page 39
2-2 INSTANTANEOUS VELOCITY AND SPEED……Page 44
2-3 ACCELERATION……Page 46
2-4 CONSTANT ACCELERATION……Page 49
2-5 FREE-FALL ACCELERATION……Page 53
2-6 GRAPHICAL INTEGRATION IN MOTION ANALYSIS……Page 55
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 56
QUESTIONS……Page 57
PROBLEMS……Page 58
3-1 VECTORS AND THEIR COMPONENTS……Page 66
3-2 UNIT VECTORS, ADDING VECTORS BY COMPONENTS……Page 72
3-3 MULTIPLYING VECTORS……Page 76
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 81
QUESTIONS……Page 82
PROBLEMS……Page 83
4-1 POSITION AND DISPLACEMENT……Page 88
4-2 AVERAGE VELOCITY AND INSTANTANEOUS VELOCITY……Page 90
4-3 AVERAGE ACCELERATION AND INSTANTANEOUS ACCELERATION……Page 93
4-4 PROJECTILE MOTION……Page 96
4-5 UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION……Page 102
4-6 RELATIVE MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION……Page 104
4-7 RELATIVE MOTION IN TWO DIMENSIONS……Page 106
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 107
QUESTIONS……Page 108
PROBLEMS……Page 110
5-1 NEWTON’S FIRST AND SECOND LAWS……Page 120
5-2 SOME PARTICULAR FORCES……Page 128
5-3 APPLYING NEWTON’S LAWS……Page 132
QUESTIONS……Page 140
PROBLEMS……Page 142
6-1 FRICTION……Page 150
6-2 THE DRAG FORCE AND TERMINAL SPEED……Page 156
6-3 UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION……Page 159
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 164
QUESTIONS……Page 165
PROBLEMS……Page 166
7-1 KINETIC ENERGY……Page 175
7-2 WORK AND KINETIC ENERGY……Page 177
7-3 WORK DONE BY THE GRAVITATIONAL FORCE……Page 181
7-4 WORK DONE BY A SPRING FORCE……Page 185
7-5 WORK DONE BY A GENERAL VARIABLE FORCE……Page 188
7-6 POWER……Page 192
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 194
QUESTIONS……Page 195
PROBLEMS……Page 196
8-1 POTENTIAL ENERGY……Page 203
8-2 CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY……Page 210
8-3 READING A POTENTIAL ENERGY CURVE……Page 213
8-4 WORK DONE ON A SYSTEM BY AN EXTERNAL FORCE……Page 217
8-5 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY……Page 221
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 225
QUESTIONS……Page 226
PROBLEMS……Page 228
9-1 CENTER OF MASS……Page 240
9-2 NEWTON’S SECOND LAW FOR A SYSTEM OF PARTICLES……Page 246
9-3 LINEAR MOMENTUM……Page 250
9-4 COLLISION AND IMPULSE……Page 252
9-5 CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM……Page 256
9-6 MOMENTUM AND KINETIC ENERGY IN COLLISIONS……Page 259
9-7 ELASTIC COLLISIONS IN ONE DIMENSION……Page 263
9-8 COLLISIONS IN TWO DIMENSIONS……Page 266
9-9 SYSTEMS WITH VARYING MASS: A ROCKET……Page 267
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 269
QUESTIONS……Page 271
PROBLEMS……Page 272
10-1 ROTATIONAL VARIABLES……Page 283
10-2 ROTATION WITH CONSTANT ANGULAR ACCELERATION……Page 292
10-3 RELATING THE LINEAR AND ANGULAR VARIABLES……Page 294
10-4 KINETIC ENERGY OF ROTATION……Page 297
10-5 CALCULATING THE ROTATIONAL INERTIA……Page 299
10-6 TORQUE……Page 303
10-7 NEWTON’S SECOND LAW FOR ROTATION……Page 305
10-8 WORK AND ROTATIONAL KINETIC ENERGY……Page 308
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 311
QUESTIONS……Page 312
PROBLEMS……Page 313
11-1 ROLLING AS TRANSLATION AND ROTATION COMBINED……Page 321
11-2 FORCES AND KINETIC ENERGY OF ROLLING……Page 324
11-3 THE YO-YO……Page 327
11-4 TORQUE REVISITED……Page 328
11-5 ANGULAR MOMENTUM……Page 331
11-6 NEWTON’S SECOND LAW IN ANGULAR FORM……Page 333
11-7 ANGULAR MOMENTUM OF A RIGID BODY……Page 336
11-8 CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM……Page 338
11-9 PRECESSION OF A GYROSCOPE……Page 343
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 344
QUESTIONS……Page 345
PROBLEMS……Page 346
12-1 EQUILIBRIUM……Page 353
12-2 SOME EXAMPLES OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM……Page 358
12-3 ELASTICITY……Page 364
QUESTIONS……Page 369
PROBLEMS……Page 371
13-1 NEWTON’S LAW OF GRAVITATION……Page 380
13-2 GRAVITATION AND THE PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION……Page 383
13-3 GRAVITATION NEAR EARTH’S SURFACE……Page 385
13-4 GRAVITATION INSIDE EARTH……Page 388
13-5 GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL ENERGY……Page 390
13-6 PLANETS AND SATELLITES: KEPLER’S LAWS……Page 394
13-7 SATELLITES: ORBITS AND ENERGY……Page 397
13-8 EINSTEIN AND GRAVITATION……Page 400
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 402
QUESTIONS……Page 403
PROBLEMS……Page 404
14-1 FLUIDS, DENSITY, AND PRESSURE……Page 412
14-2 FLUIDS AT REST……Page 414
14-3 MEASURING PRESSURE……Page 418
14-4 PASCAL’S PRINCIPLE……Page 419
14-5 ARCHIMEDES’ PRINCIPLE……Page 420
14-6 THE EQUATION OF CONTINUITY……Page 424
14-7 BERNOULLI’S EQUATION……Page 427
QUESTIONS……Page 431
PROBLEMS……Page 432
15-1 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION……Page 439
15-2 ENERGY IN SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION……Page 447
15-3 AN ANGULAR SIMPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATOR……Page 449
15-4 PENDULUMS, CIRCULAR MOTION……Page 450
15-5 DAMPED SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION……Page 456
15-6 FORCED OSCILLATIONS AND RESONANCE……Page 458
QUESTIONS……Page 460
PROBLEMS……Page 462
16-1 TRANSVERSE WAVES……Page 470
16-2 WAVE SPEED ON A STRETCHED STRING……Page 478
16-3 ENERGY AND POWER OF A WAVE TRAVELING ALONG A STRING……Page 480
16-4 THE WAVE EQUATION……Page 482
16-5 INTERFERENCE OF WAVES……Page 484
16-6 PHASORS……Page 488
16-7 STANDING WAVES AND RESONANCE……Page 491
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 496
QUESTIONS……Page 497
PROBLEMS……Page 498
17-1 SPEED OF SOUND……Page 505
17-2 TRAVELING SOUND WAVES……Page 508
17-3 INTERFERENCE……Page 511
17-4 INTENSITY AND SOUND LEVEL……Page 514
17-5 SOURCES OF MUSICAL SOUND……Page 518
17-6 BEATS……Page 522
17-7 THE DOPPLER EFFECT……Page 524
17-8 SUPERSONIC SPEEDS, SHOCK WAVES……Page 529
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 530
QUESTIONS……Page 531
PROBLEMS……Page 532
18-1 TEMPERATURE……Page 540
18-2 THE CELSIUS AND FAHRENHEIT SCALES……Page 544
18-3 THERMAL EXPANSION……Page 546
18-4 ABSORPTION OF HEAT……Page 548
18-5 THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS……Page 554
18-6 HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISMS……Page 560
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 564
QUESTIONS……Page 566
PROBLEMS……Page 567
19-1 AVOGADRO’S NUMBER……Page 575
19-2 IDEAL GASES……Page 576
19-3 PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE, AND RMS SPEED……Page 580
19-4 TRANSLATIONAL KINETIC ENERGY……Page 583
19-5 MEAN FREE PATH……Page 584
19-6 THE DISTRIBUTION OF MOLECULAR SPEEDS……Page 586
19-7 THE MOLAR SPECIFIC HEATS OF AN IDEAL GAS……Page 590
19-8 DEGREES OF FREEDOM AND MOLAR SPECIFIC HEATS……Page 594
19-9 THE ADIABATIC EXPANSION OF AN IDEAL GAS……Page 597
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 601
QUESTIONS……Page 602
PROBLEMS……Page 603
20-1 ENTROPY……Page 609
20-2 ENTROPY IN THE REAL WORLD: ENGINES……Page 616
20-3 REFRIGERATORS AND REAL ENGINES……Page 621
20-4 A STATISTICAL VIEW OF ENTROPY……Page 624
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 628
QUESTIONS……Page 629
PROBLEMS……Page 630
21-1 COULOMB’S LAW……Page 635
21-2 CHARGE IS QUANTIZED……Page 645
21-3 CHARGE IS CONSERVED……Page 647
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 648
QUESTIONS……Page 649
PROBLEMS……Page 650
22-1 THE ELECTRIC FIELD……Page 656
22-2 THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A CHARGED PARTICLE……Page 659
22-3 THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A DIPOLE……Page 661
22-4 THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A LINE OF CHARGE……Page 664
22-5 THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A CHARGED DISK……Page 669
22-6 A POINT CHARGE IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD……Page 671
22-7 A DIPOLE IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD……Page 673
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 676
QUESTIONS……Page 677
PROBLEMS……Page 678
23-1 ELECTRIC FLUX……Page 685
23-2 GAUSS’ LAW……Page 690
23-3 A CHARGED ISOLATED CONDUCTOR……Page 694
23-4 APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: CYLINDRICAL SYMMETRY……Page 697
23-5 APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: PLANAR SYMMETRY……Page 699
23-6 APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: SPHERICAL SYMMETRY……Page 701
QUESTIONS……Page 703
PROBLEMS……Page 705
24-1 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL……Page 711
24-2 EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES AND THE ELECTRIC FIELD……Page 716
24-3 POTENTIAL DUE TO A CHARGED PARTICLE……Page 720
24-4 POTENTIAL DUE TO AN ELECTRIC DIPOLE……Page 723
24-5 POTENTIAL DUE TO A CONTINUOUS CHARGE DISTRIBUTION……Page 724
24-6 CALCULATING THE FIELD FROM THE POTENTIAL……Page 727
24-7 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ENERGY OF A SYSTEM OF CHARGED PARTICLES……Page 729
24-8 POTENTIAL OF A CHARGED ISOLATED CONDUCTOR……Page 732
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 733
QUESTIONS……Page 734
PROBLEMS……Page 736
25-1 CAPACITANCE……Page 743
25-2 CALCULATING THE CAPACITANCE……Page 745
25-3 CAPACITORS IN PARALLEL AND IN SERIES……Page 749
25-4 ENERGY STORED IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD……Page 754
25-5 CAPACITOR WITH A DIELECTRIC……Page 757
25-6 DIELECTRICS AND GAUSS’ LAW……Page 761
QUESTIONS……Page 764
PROBLEMS……Page 765
26-1 ELECTRIC CURRENT……Page 771
26-2 CURRENT DENSITY……Page 774
26-3 RESISTANCE AND RESISTIVITY……Page 778
26-4 OHM’S LAW……Page 782
26-5 POWER, SEMICONDUCTORS, SUPERCONDUCTORS……Page 786
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 789
QUESTIONS……Page 790
PROBLEMS……Page 791
27-1 SINGLE-LOOP CIRCUITS……Page 797
27-2 MULTILOOP CIRCUITS……Page 807
27-4 RC CIRCUITS……Page 814
QUESTIONS……Page 819
PROBLEMS……Page 821
28-1 MAGNETIC FIELDS AND THE DEFINITION OF B……Page 829
28-2 CROSSED FIELDS: DISCOVERY OF THE ELECTRON……Page 834
28-3 CROSSED FIELDS: THE HALL EFFECT……Page 836
28-4 A CIRCULATING CHARGED PARTICLE……Page 840
28-5 CYCLOTRONS AND SYNCHROTRONS……Page 843
28-6 MAGNETIC FORCE ON A CURRENT-CARRYING WIRE……Page 846
28-7 TORQUE ON A CURRENT LOOP……Page 848
28-8 THE MAGNETIC DIPOLE MOMENT……Page 850
QUESTIONS……Page 853
PROBLEMS……Page 855
29-1 MAGNETIC FIELD DUE TO A CURRENT……Page 862
29-2 FORCE BETWEEN TWO PARALLEL CURRENTS……Page 868
29-3 AMPERE’S LAW……Page 870
29-4 SOLENOIDS AND TOROIDS……Page 874
29-5 A CURRENT-CARRYING COIL AS A MAGNETIC DIPOLE……Page 877
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 880
QUESTIONS……Page 881
PROBLEMS……Page 882
30-1 FARADAY’S LAW AND LENZ’S LAW……Page 890
30-2 INDUCTION AND ENERGY TRANSFERS……Page 897
30-3 INDUCED ELECTRIC FIELDS……Page 900
30-4 INDUCTORS AND INDUCTANCE……Page 905
30-5 SELF-INDUCTION……Page 907
30-6 RL CIRCUITS……Page 908
30-7 ENERGY STORED IN A MAGNETIC FIELD……Page 913
30-8 ENERGY DENSITY OF A MAGNETIC FIELD……Page 915
30-9 MUTUAL INDUCTION……Page 916
QUESTIONS……Page 919
PROBLEMS……Page 921
31-1 LC OSCILLATIONS……Page 929
31-2 DAMPED OSCILLATIONS IN AN RLC CIRCUIT……Page 936
31-3 FORCED OSCILLATIONS OF THREE SIMPLE CIRCUITS……Page 938
31-4 THE SERIES RLC CIRCUIT……Page 947
31-5 POWER IN ALTERNATING-CURRENT CIRCUITS……Page 953
31-6 TRANSFORMERS……Page 956
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 959
QUESTIONS……Page 960
PROBLEMS……Page 961
32-1 GAUSS’ LAW FOR MAGNETIC FIELDS……Page 967
32-2 INDUCED MAGNETIC FIELDS……Page 969
32-3 DISPLACEMENT CURRENT……Page 972
32-4 MAGNETS……Page 976
32-5 MAGNETISM AND ELECTRONS……Page 978
32-6 DIAMAGNETISM……Page 983
32-7 PARAMAGNETISM……Page 985
32-8 FERROMAGNETISM……Page 987
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 990
QUESTIONS……Page 991
PROBLEMS……Page 993
33-1 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES……Page 998
33-2 ENERGY TRANSPORT AND THE POYNTING VECTOR……Page 1006
33-3 RADIATION PRESSURE……Page 1009
33-4 POLARIZATION……Page 1011
33-5 REFLECTION AND REFRACTION……Page 1016
33-6 TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION……Page 1022
33-7 POLARIZATION BY REFLECTION……Page 1023
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1025
QUESTIONS……Page 1026
PROBLEMS……Page 1027
34-1 IMAGES AND PLANE MIRRORS……Page 1036
34-2 SPHERICAL MIRRORS……Page 1040
34-3 SPHERICAL REFRACTING SURFACES……Page 1046
34-4 THIN LENSES……Page 1049
34-5 OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS……Page 1056
34-6 THREE PROOFS……Page 1059
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1062
QUESTIONS……Page 1063
PROBLEMS……Page 1064
35-1 LIGHT AS A WAVE……Page 1073
35-2 YOUNG’S INTERFERENCE EXPERIMENT……Page 1079
35-3 INTERFERENCE AND DOUBLE-SLIT INTENSITY……Page 1085
35-4 INTERFERENCE FROM THIN FILMS……Page 1089
35-5 MICHELSON’S INTERFEROMETER……Page 1096
QUESTIONS……Page 1098
PROBLEMS……Page 1100
36-1 SINGLE-SLIT DIFFRACTION……Page 1107
36-2 INTENSITY IN SINGLE-SLIT DIFFRACTION……Page 1112
36-3 DIFFRACTION BY A CIRCULAR APERTURE……Page 1116
36-4 DIFFRACTION BY A DOUBLE SLIT……Page 1120
36-5 DIFFRACTION GRATINGS……Page 1124
36-6 GRATINGS: DISPERSION AND RESOLVING POWER……Page 1127
36-7 X-RAY DIFFRACTION……Page 1130
QUESTIONS……Page 1133
PROBLEMS……Page 1134
37-1 SIMULTANEITY AND TIME DILATION……Page 1142
37-2 THE RELATIVITY OF LENGTH……Page 1151
37-3 THE LORENTZ TRANSFORMATION……Page 1155
37-4 THE RELATIVITY OF VELOCITIES……Page 1159
37-5 DOPPLER EFFECT FOR LIGHT……Page 1160
37-6 MOMENTUM AND ENERGY……Page 1163
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1169
QUESTIONS……Page 1170
PROBLEMS……Page 1171
38-1 THE PHOTON, THE QUANTUM OF LIGHT……Page 1179
38-2 THE PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT……Page 1181
38-3 PHOTONS, MOMENTUM, COMPTON SCATTERING, LIGHT INTERFERENCE……Page 1184
38-4 THE BIRTH OF QUANTUM PHYSICS……Page 1190
38-5 ELECTRONS AND MATTER WAVES……Page 1192
38-6 SCHRÖDINGER’S EQUATION……Page 1196
38-7 HEISENBERG’S UNCERTAINTY PRINCIPLE……Page 1198
38-8 REFLECTION FROM A POTENTIAL STEP……Page 1200
38-9 TUNNELING THROUGH A POTENTIAL BARRIER……Page 1202
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1205
QUESTIONS……Page 1206
PROBLEMS……Page 1207
39-1 ENERGIES OF A TRAPPED ELECTRON……Page 1212
39-2 WAVE FUNCTIONS OF A TRAPPED ELECTRON……Page 1217
39-3 AN ELECTRON IN A FINITE WELL……Page 1221
39-4 TWO- AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL ELECTRON TRAPS……Page 1223
39-5 THE HYDROGEN ATOM……Page 1227
QUESTIONS……Page 1239
PROBLEMS……Page 1240
40-1 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS……Page 1245
40-2 THE STERN-GERLACH EXPERIMENT……Page 1252
40-3 MAGNETIC RESONANCE……Page 1255
40-4 EXCLUSION PRINCIPLE AND MULTIPLE ELECTRONS IN A TRAP……Page 1256
40-5 BUILDING THE PERIODIC TABLE……Page 1260
40-6 X RAYS AND THE ORDERING OF THE ELEMENTS……Page 1262
40-7 LASERS……Page 1266
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1271
QUESTIONS……Page 1272
PROBLEMS……Page 1273
41-1 THE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF METALS……Page 1278
41-2 SEMICONDUCTORS AND DOPING……Page 1287
41-3 THE p-n JUNCTION AND THE TRANSISTOR……Page 1291
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1297
PROBLEMS……Page 1298
42-1 DISCOVERING THE NUCLEUS……Page 1302
42-2 SOME NUCLEAR PROPERTIES……Page 1305
42-3 RADIOACTIVE DECAY……Page 1312
42-4 ALPHA DECAY……Page 1315
42-5 BETA DECAY……Page 1318
42-6 RADIOACTIVE DATING……Page 1321
42-7 MEASURING RADIATION DOSAGE……Page 1322
42-8 NUCLEAR MODELS……Page 1323
REVIEW & SUMMARY……Page 1326
QUESTIONS……Page 1327
PROBLEMS……Page 1328
43-1 NUCLEAR FISSION……Page 1335
43-2 THE NUCLEAR REACTOR……Page 1342
43-3 A NATURAL NUCLEAR REACTOR……Page 1346
43-4 THERMONUCLEAR FUSION: THE BASIC PROCESS……Page 1348
43-5 THERMONUCLEAR FUSION IN THE SUN AND OTHER STARS……Page 1350
43-6 CONTROLLED THERMONUCLEAR FUSION……Page 1352
QUESTIONS……Page 1355
PROBLEMS……Page 1356
44-1 GENERAL PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES……Page 1360
44-2 LEPTONS, HADRONS, AND STRANGENESS……Page 1369
44-3 QUARKS AND MESSENGER PARTICLES……Page 1375
44-4 COSMOLOGY……Page 1381
QUESTIONS……Page 1388
PROBLEMS……Page 1389
A: The International System of Units (SI)……Page 1395
B: Some Fundamental Constants of Physics……Page 1397
C: Some Astronomical Data……Page 1398
D: Conversion Factors……Page 1399
E: Mathematical Formulas……Page 1403
F: Properties of The Elements……Page 1406
G: Periodic Table of The Elements……Page 1409
ANSWERS: To Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems……Page 1411
INDEX……Page 1425