J.D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry, for JEE Main and Advanced, 4ed 2021 Wiley

This book is an adaptation of the classic book concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.d Lee (fifth edition) which is widely used by students preparing for engineering entrance examinations. This adapted version provides a more concise treatment of the subject as per the syllabus requirements but does not compromise on Essentials. The explanation of fundamental concepts is simple and straightforward, offering a right blend of theory and applications. The adaptation has been carried out with the purpose of making the book The best fit for engineering aspirants.

About the Author

John Lee was a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK and has authored many books and journal articles.

Sudarsan Guha is a respected teacher of Inorganic Chemistry and currently teaches at Allen Career Institute, Kota, which is a prestigious coaching academy for engineering aspirants. He was earlier associated with Bansal classes in Kota.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

  • Note to the Student
  • 1. Structure of an Atom
  • 1.1 Atoms
  • 1.2 Some Important Definitions
  • 1.3 Electronic Configuration of an Atom
  • 2. Periodic Table and Periodic Properties  
  •        2.1 Periodic Table  
  •        2.2 Classification of Elements Based on Electronic Configuration  
  •        2.3 Periodic Trends In Properties  
  • 3. Chemical Bonding
  • 3.1 Attainment of a Stable Configuration
  • 3.2 Types of Bonds
  • 3.3 Transitions Between the Main Types of Bonding
  • 3.4 The Covalent Bond
  • 3.5 Valence Bond Theory
  • 3.6 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory
  • 3.7 The Extent of d Orbital Participation in Molecular Bonding
  • 3.8 Types of Covalent Bonds (Sigma (s) and Pi (p) Bonds)
  • 3.9 Molecular Orbital Method
  • 3.10 LCAOMethod
  • 3.11 Rules for Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals
  • 3.12 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
  • 3.13 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
  • 3.14 Dipole Moment
  • 3.15 The Ionic Bond
  • 3.16 Close Packing
  • 3.17 Ionic Compounds of the Type AX (ZnS, NaCl, CsCl)
  • 3.18 Ionic Compounds of the Type AX2 (CaF2, TiO2, SiO2)
  • 3.19 Layer Structures (CdI2, CdCl2, [NiAs])
  • 3.20 Lattice Energy
  • 3.21 Stoichiometric Defects
  • 3.22 Nonstoichiometric Defects
  • 3.23 Born–Haber Cycle
  • 3.24 Polarizing Power and Polarizability – Fajans’ Rules
  • 3.25 Melting Point of Ionic Compounds
  • 3.26 Solubility of Ionic Compounds
  • 3.27 Electrical Conductivity and Colour
  • 3.28 Acidic Nature of Oxides
  • 3.29 Thermal Stability of Ionic Compounds
  • 3.30 Weak Forces
  • 3.31 Interactions between Ions and Covalent Molecules
  • 3.32 The Metallic Bond
  • 3.33 Theories of Bonding in Metals
  • 3.34 Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors
  • 4. Hydrolysis
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Hydrolysis Through SN1 Mechanism
  • 4.3 Hydrolysis Through SN2 Mechanism
  • 4.4 Hydrolysis Through Addition–Elimination Mechanism
  • 4.6 Hydrolysis Through Redox Reaction
  • 4.5 Hydrolysis Through Addition Mechanism
  • 4.7 Hydrolysis Through Push–Pull Mechanism
  • 4.8 Hydrolysis Through Mixed Mechanism
  • 5. Coordination Compounds
  • 5.1 Double Salts and Coordination Compounds
  • 5.2 Werner’s Work
  • 5.3 More Recent Methods of Studying Complexes
  • 5.4 Classification of Ligands
  • 5.5 Effective Atomic Number (EAN)
  • 5.6 Shapes of d Orbitals
  • 5.7 Bonding in Transition Metal Complexes
  • 5.8 Valence Bond Theory
  • 5.9 Crystal Field Theory
  • 5.10 Effects of Crystal Field Splitting
  • 5.11 Tetragonal Distortion of Octahedral Complexes (Jahn-Teller Distortion)
  • 5.12 Square Planar Arrangements
  • 5.13 Tetrahedral Complexes
  • 5.14 Magnetism
  • 5.15 Extension of the Crystal Field Theory to Allow for Some Covalency
  • 5.16 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
  • 5.17 Isomerism
  • 6. Metallurgy
  • 6.1 Types of Ores
  • 6.2 Principal Steps in the Recovery of a Metal From its Ore
  • 6.3 Concentration or Dressing of Ore
  • 6.4 Conversion of Concentrated Ore into its Oxide
  • 6.5 Different Reduction Processes
  • 6.6 Purification or Refining of Metal
  • 6.7 Theromodynamics of Reduction Process
  • 6.8 Alloys and Amalgams
  • 6.9 Different Types of Furnaces Used in Metallurgy
  • 6.10 Extraction of Silver
  • 6.11 Extraction of Gold by Cyanide Process
  • 6.12 Extraction of Tin
  • 6.13 Extraction of Magnesium
  • 6.14 Extraction of Aluminium
  • 6.15 Extraction of Lead
  • 6.16 Extraction of Copper
  • 6.17 Extraction of Zinc
  • 6.18 Extraction of Iron
  • 7. Qualitative Salt Analysis
  • Tests for Acid Radicals
  • 7.1 Action of Dilute Acids
  • 7.2 Tests for CO23-/HCO3– and SO23-/HSO3– Radicals
  • 7.3 Tests for Sulphide (S2-) Radical
  • 7.4 Tests for Thiosulphate (S2O32-) Radical
  • 7.5 Tests for Nitrite (NO2-) Radical
  • 7.6 Tests for Acetate, Formate and Oxalate Radicals
  • 7.7 Tests for Halide (Cl-, Br-, I-) Radicals
  • 7.8 Tests for Nitrate (NO3-) Radical
  • 7.9 Tests for Sulphate (SO24-) Radical
  • 7.10 Tests for Borate (BO33-) Radical
  • 7.11 Tests for Phosphate (PO34-) Radical
  • 7.12 Tests for Chromate (CrO24-) and Dichromate (Cr2O72-) Radicals
  • 7.13 Tests for Permanganate (MnO4-) and Manganate (MnO42-) Radicals
  • 7.14 Dry Tests for Basic Radicals
  • 7.15 Wet Tests for Basic Radicals
  • 7.16 Some General Tests for Cations
  • 7.17 Specific Tests for Some Cations
  • 8. Hydrogen and the Hydrides
  • 8.1 Electronic Structure
  • 8.2 Position in the Periodic Table
  • 8.3 Abundance of Hydrogen
  • 8.4 Preparation of Hydrogen
  • 8.5 Properties of Molecular Hydrogen
  • 8.6 Isotopes of Hydrogen
  • 8.7 Ortho and Para Hydrogen
  • 8.8 Hydrides
  • 8.9 The Hydrogen Ion
  • 8.10 Hydrogen Bonding
  • 9. The s-Block Elements and their Compounds
  • Group 1 – The Alkali Metals
  • 9.1 General Properties
  • 9.2 Structures of the Metals, Hardness and Cohesive Energy
  • 9.3 Flame Colours and Spectra
  • 9.4 Colour of Compounds
  • 9.5 Chemical Properties
  • 9.6 Oxides, Hydroxides, Peroxides and Superoxides
  • 9.7 Sulphides
  • 9.8 Oxosalts – Carbonates, Bicarbonates, Nitrates, Nitrites and Sulphates
  • 9.9 Halides and Polyhalides
  • 9.10 Hydrides
  • 9.11 Solubility and Hydration
  • 9.12 Solutions of Metals in Liquid Ammonia
  • 9.13 Compounds with Carbon
  • 9.14 Complexes, Crowns and Crypts
  • 9.15 Biological Importance
  • 9.16 Differences Between Lithium and the Other Group 1 Elements
  • 9.17 Preparation of Sodium Hydroxide
  • 9.18 Electrolytic Processes
  • 9.19 Preparation of Sodium Carbonate
  • 9.20 The Solvay (or Ammonia – Soda) Process
  • Group 2 – The Alkaline Earth Elements
  • 9.21 General Properties
  • 9.22 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium
  • 9.23 Chemical Properties
  • 9.24 Hydroxides
  • 9.25 Hardness of Water
  • 9.26 Reaction with Acids and Bases
  • 9.27 Oxides and Peroxides
  • 9.28 Sulphates
  • 9.29 Nitrates
  • 9.30 Hydrides
  • 9.31 Halides
  • 9.32 Nitrides
  • 9.33 Carbides
  • 9.34 Complexes
  • 9.35 Biological Role of Mg2+ and Ca2+
  • 9.36 Differences Between Beryllium and the Other Group 2 Elements
  • 10. The p-Block Elements and their Compounds
  • The Group 13 Elements
  • 10.1 Oxidation States and Types of Bonds
  • 10.2 General Properties
  • 10.3 Preparation of Boron
  • 10.4 Reactions of Boron
  • 10.5 Reactions of the Other Elements
  • 10.6 Compounds of Boron and Oxygen
  • 10.7 The Other Group 13 Oxides
  • 10.8 Tetrahydridoborates (Borohydrides)
  • 10.9 Halides
  • 10.10 Complexes
  • 10.11 Differences Between Boron and the Other Elements
  • 10.12 Boron Hydrides
  • 10.13 Reactions of the Boranes
  • 10.14 Structures of the Boranes
  • 10.15 Organometallic Compounds
  • 10.16 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements
  • 10.17 Differences Between Carbon, Silicon and the Remaining Elements
  • 10.18 Physical Properties
  • 10.19 Chemical Reactivity
  • 10.20 Carbides
  • 10.21 Oxygen Compounds of Carbon
  • 10.22 Carbonates
  • 10.23 Sulphides of Carbon
  • 10.24 Oxides of Silicon
  • 10.25 Oxides of Germanium, Tin and Lead
  • 10.26 Silicates
  • 10.27 Classification of Silicates
  • 10.28 Glass
  • 10.29 Organosilicon Compounds and the Silicones
  • 10.30 Hydrides of Silicon
  • 10.31 Complexes
  • 10.32 Internal p Bonding Using d Orbitals
  • 10.33 Halides
  • 10.34 Organic Derivatives
  • 10.35 General Properties and Structures of the Elements
  • 10.36 Hydrides
  • 10.37 Liquid Ammonia as a Solvent
  • 10.38 Hydrogen Azide and the Azides
  • 10.39 Nitrogen Fixation
  • 10.40 NPK Fertilizers
  • 10.41 Halides
  • 10.42 Oxides of Nitrogen
  • 10.43 Oxoacids of Nitrogen
  • 10.44 Oxides of Phosphorus
  • 10.45 Oxoacids of Phosphorus
  • 10.46 General Properties
  • 10.47 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements
  • 10.48 Physical Properties
  • 10.49 Chemical Reactivity
  • 10.50 General Properties of Oxides
  • 10.51 Oxides of Sulphur
  • 10.52 Oxoacids of Sulphur
  • 10.53 Oxohalides
  • 10.54 Hydrides
  • 10.55 Halides
  • 10.56 Extraction and Uses of the Elements
  • 10.57 General Properties
  • 10.58 Reaction with Water
  • 10.59 Reactivity of the Elements
  • 10.60 Hydrogen Halides HX
  • 10.61 Halides
  • 10.62 Halogen Oxides
  • 10.63 Oxoacids
  • 10.64 Interhalogen Compounds
  • 10.65 Polyhalides
  • 10.66 Pseudohalogens and Pseudohalides
  • 10.67 Occurrence and Recovery of the Elements
  • 10.68 Uses of the Elements
  • 10.69 Physical Properties
  • 10.70 Special Properties of Helium
  • 10.71 Chemical Properties of the Noble Gases
  • 10.72 Chemistry of Xenon
  • 10.73 Structure and Bonding in Xenon Compounds
  • 10.74 Structures of Some Xenon Compounds
  • 11. The d-Block Elements and Some of their Compounds
  • 11.1 Variable Oxidation State
  • 11.2 Complexes
  • 11.3 Size of Atoms and Ions
  • 11.4 Density
  • 11.5 Melting and Boiling Points
  • 11.6 Reactivity of Metals
  • 11.7 Ionization Energies
  • 11.8 Colour
  • 11.9 Magnetic Properties
  • 11.10 Catalytic Properties
  • 11.11 Nonstoichiometry
  • 11.12 Abundance
  • 11.13 Chromate and Dichromate
  • 11.14 Manganate and Permanganate
  • 11.15 Silver and its Compounds
  • 11.16 Zinc Compounds
  • 11.17 Copper Compounds
  • 11.18 Iron Compounds
  • 12. The f-Block Elements and Some of their Compounds
  • 12.1 Lanthanoids
  • 12.2 Actinoids
  • 12.3 Comparison between Lanthanoids and Actinoids
  • Single Correct Choice Type Questions
  • Answers
  • Appendices
  • Appendix A Abundance of the Elements in the Earth’s Crust
  • Appendix B Melting Points of the Elements
  • Appendix C Boiling Points of the Elements
  • Appendix D Densities of the Solid and Liquid Elements
  • Appendix E Electronic Structures of the Elements
  • Appendix F Some Average Single Bond Energies and Some Double and Triple Bond Energies
  • Appendix G Solubilities of Main Group Compounds in Water
  • Appendix H Atomic Weights Based on 12C = 12.000
  • Appendix I Values of Some Fundamental Physical Constants
  • Appendix J Electrical Resistivity of the Elements at the Stated Temperature
  • Appendix K Hardness of Minerals – Mohs’ Scale
  • JEE(Main) Paper (2016)
  • JEE(Advanced) Paper (2016)
  • Index

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